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April 15, 2019 0 Comment

TITLE :- “SCHOOL CHILDREN TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM USING IOT”
Area/Domain:
Automation
IOT Technology
Embedded System
Introduction:
Children are our most precious resource, but as children, they are lack of skills to protect themselves. So it is our responsibility, as parents, teachers and as a person, to safeguard children and to teach them the skills to be safe. Today, most of students are traveling to school by school buses or school vans. Parents think that their kids are safe when they travel by school bus. But are they really safe? There are many common problems such as students getting kidnapped out of school, bus getting delayed in traffic and your kid is last one to get down in bus and is alone in bus. This project is introduced to overcome these problems. This system will send a text SMS to the parent containing longitude, latitude of location of school bus, children attendance status and also driver phone number .Once parent receives the SMS, then by using those data and Google maps the user could easily track the bus. School management has web-based database-driven application that provides information about location of boarding and leaving, boarding and leaving status, RFID number, time and date
This system has ability to uniquely identify the students. The users only need to place their RFID tag on the RFID reader. They do not need to go through the long list to look for their name. Hence, it is a very time efficient system. Entry will be taken if the encoded tagged ID scanned, matches the tagged ID stored in the memory. Otherwise, an error message will be displayed. In recent years, RFID is one of the automatic identification technologies. There is a wide research and development in this area trying to take maximum advantage of this technology, and in coming years many new applications and research areas will continue to appear. RFID system has been successfully applied to different areas as diverse as transportation, healthcare, agriculture, and hospitality industry to name a few. RFID also brings about some concerns, mainly the security and privacy of those who work with or use tags in their everyday life which is proposed in .RFID is used to uniquely identify tagged objects or people. RFID systems have been widely used in many application areas such as inventory control, product tracking through manufacturing and assembly, parking lot access and control, Bank Locker Security System, Automatic Toll Collection System (ATCS), Library Management system (LMS), Attendance Management System etc. The aim of this paper is to monitor students location by using RFID for administration.

Literature Survey:
1)
Title: RFID-based System for School Children Transportation Safety Enhancement with Attendance System
Author: Aafiya Hanafi1, Sana Pathan2, Shraddha Malik3, Dept. of Electronics and telecommunication department Anjuman College of Engineering. And Technology, India.

Description: The existing tracking system is based on biometric features such as the Kid track biometric system in which the children scan their palms across a palm reader when they enter the bus. It uses an infrared light to image the palm unique pattern. It uses green and red LEDs to ensure the scan works. Then, the scans are sent for cross-referencing
against a secure database of pre-registered users’ patterns. Based on this, the administration can find the information of that bus, where and when it tracked the child, and where the bus was at that time. The disadvantage of this approach is that it is not automatic and difficult for young children to place their palms correctly on the scanner. This may lead to inaccurate data if the scanner did not detect a child’s palm.

2)
Title: Smart School Bus for Children Transportation Safety Enhancement with IOT Author: P.Ambedkar, P.Suresh Babu
Department of ECE (Embedded Systems), Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering, Tirupati, A.P, India.

Description: The existing tracking system is based on biometric features such as the Kid track biometric system in which the children scan their palms across a palm reader when they enter the bus. It uses an infrared light to image the palm unique pattern. It uses green and red LEDs to ensure the scan works. Then, the scans are sent for cross-referencing against a secure database of pre-registered users’ patterns. Based on this, the administration can find the information of that bus, where and when it tracked the child, and where the bus was at that time. The disadvantage of this approach is that it is not automatic and difficult for young children to place their palms correctly on the scanner. This may lead to inaccurate data if the scanner did not detect a child’s palm.

4.Problem Statement:
To develop an embedded based system which will help the parents and teachers to track their children’s or students position and keep the track of their daily travelling activity
5.Objective:
This project aims at providing better safety to the school children by means of monitoring their boarding and departure from the transportation vehicle i.e. bus with the help of RFID detectors. This system can be used for providing assurance to the parents about the safety of their children from the schools. Discipline can be instilled in the school children during the transportation which at times is not possible through human supervision alone. The system should provide an economic means for the school transportation system to monitor and enhance the safety of school children during transportation.

The system uses RFID tags for children detection which is not harmful since it uses frequency ranges that are safe and legally approved.
The deployment cost is reasonable.
The system is automatic and user friendly.
The system should not be harmful for human beings or the environment.
The device should hurt the child in any way.
The system should provide an option to choose between different Languages.
Children?s information should be available for authorized personal.

Specification:
Sr
No. Component Parameter
1) LPC2148
Single-chip 16-bit/32-bit microcontrollers; up to 512 KB flash
With ISP/IAP, USB 2.0 full-speed device, 10-bit ADC and DAC
2) GPS
High sensitivity -160dBm
Searching up to 65 Channel of satellites
LED indicating data output
Low power consumption
GPS L1 C/A Code
Supports NMEA0183 V 3.01 data protocol
Real time navigation for location based services
Works from +5V DC signal and outputs 9600 bps serial data
Cost range: Rs.900-1400.

3) RFID Reader
5VDC through USB (External 5V supply will boost range of the module)
Current: ;50mA
Operating Frequency: 125Khz
Read Distance: 10cm
Size of RFID reader module: 32mm(length) * 32mm(width) * 8mm(height)
Price: 1300/-
4) IOT Module 802.11 b/g/n
1Mb Flash size
Wi-Fi Direct (P2P), soft-AP
Integrated TCP/IP protocol stack
Integrated TR switch, balun, LNA, power amplifier and matching network
Integrated PLLs, regulators, DCXO and power management units
+19.5dBm output power in 802.11b mode
Power down leakage current of ;10uA
Integrated low power 32-bit CPU could be used as application processor
SDIO 1.1 / 2.0, SPI, UART
STBC, 1×1 MIMO, 2×1 MIMO
A-MPDU ; A-MSDU aggregation ; 0.4ms guard interval
Wake up and transmit packets in ; 2ms
Standby power consumption of ; 1.0mW (DTIM3)
Access Point and Station Modes
Price: 700/-
5) LCD Display Display Mode: STN, BLUB
Display Formate: 16 Character x 2 Line
Viewing Direction: 6 O’Clock
Input Data: 4-Bits or 8-Bits interface available
Display Font : 5 x 8 Dots
Power Supply : Single Power Supply (5V±10%)
Driving Scheme : 1/16Duty,1/5Bias
Backlight?Side??LED?Yellow?
Price: 250/-
Significance:
To track daily travelling of a child so as to secure their travel as well as keep track of the children’s.

To reduce human effort and manpower.

Proposed Platform and tools:
Sr. No. Platform Tools Availability
In campus Out of Campus
1 Micro Controller LPC2148 Yes  
2 GPS module Yes  
3 IOT module Yes
4 Embedded C Yes  
5 RFID READER YES
Selection Criteria for Platforms and Tools:
Micro Controller LPC2148 To Control the System
GPS module To Track position of Person
IOT module To Send the SMS ; data to server through internet
Embedded C To Run the Code
RFID To identify the child
Field Work Requirement:
Yes we require Field work for testing Purpose.

Estimated Budget and Cost:
Sr No. Component Name Rate Amount
1. Microcontroller 400 400
2. GPS 1,400 1,400
3. IOT 700 700
4. RFID Module 1,300 1,300
Total 3,800
Reference:
1. Implementation Of School ChildrenTracking System And Transportation Safety Enhancement By Using RFID Technique
A.Gowthaman 1, R.Mohanraj2, A.Anadhan3, S.Mohan 4
UG Scholars, Department of ECE1, AVS Engineering College, Salem
Assistant Professor , Department of ECE, AVS Engineering College, Salem
2. Smart Tracking System for School Buses Using Passive RFID Technology to Enhance Child Safety
Khaled Shaaban
Qatar University/Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering, Doha, Qatar
3. Smart School Bus for Children Transportation Safety Enhancement with IOT
P.Ambedkar1P.Suresh Babu2PG Scholar, Department of ECE(Embedded Systems), Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering,Tirupati, A.P,India1
4. RFID-based System for School Children Transportation Safety Enhancement with Attendance System
Aafiya Hanafi1, Sana Pathan2, Shraddha Malik3, Ruhisana Ali4Akbar Nagani51
Student, Dept. of Electronics and telecommunication department Anjuman College of Engineering. And Technology, India
5. College Buses And Students Monitoring System With IOT
Abhilash Kanakanti1D Narendar [email protected]
[email protected] Scholar, Dept of ECE, CVSR college of Engineering (Anurag group of institutions) Autonomous, Venkatapur(V),G hatkesar(M),Rangareddy, Telangana, India.

Name and Signature of Students:
Sr. No. Name of Student PRN Roll Number Signature of Student
Bhoite Vrushali Vijay 2015 4502 Mahamulkar Komal Vasant 2016099877 4522 Shivankar Shalaka Shivaji 2016099814 4531 Prof. Pawar S.M. Prof. Jamdade A.S. Prof. Natu
Guide Project Coordinator Head of Department