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The Gulf of Khambhat Development Project envisages the construction of Dam across the Gulf of Khambhat

May 3, 2019 0 Comment

The Gulf of Khambhat Development Project envisages the construction of Dam across the Gulf of Khambhat, connecting Kalatalav in Bhavnagar District and Aladar in Bharuch District, reducing distance between Saurashtra & South Gujarat by approximately about 150 to 170 Km.

The development of Gulf of Khambhat Development Project will boost the development in Saurashtra significantly. The proposed road over a dam will change the existing traffic scenario drastically. There is going to be significant development activity in the study area in view of the development of DMIC corridor, Dholera SIR, PCPIR and Fedra International Airport. Hence, a new detailed traffic study is warranted to assess the future traffic flow and pattern when Gulf of Khambhat Development Project is developed. The outputs of the study will provide the basis in determining the width of the proposed dam, and the road network improvements required for the smooth and efficient movement of passengers and goods and the social economic benefits of the transport component of the project.

A Mind Map is a Graphical Way to represent ideas and concepts. A mind map is a diagram used to visually organize information. A mind map is often created around a single concept, drawn as an image in the center of a blank landscape page, to which associated representations of ideas such as images, words and parts of words are added. Major ideas are connected directly to the central concept, and other ideas branch out from those. Mind maps can be drawn by hand, either as “rough notes” during a lecture, meeting or planning session.

CHAPTER: 1 INTRODUCTION
DEISGN THINKING

Since the degree project only include recommendation for the work that has to be done in order to demonstrate the important of applying project portfolio management by highlighting their attributes, it is impossible to define in advance what the consequences of this project would be for the target group.

Fig. 1.1 DEISGN THINKING

Importance

The Gulf of Khambhat Development Project envisages the construction of Dam across the Gulf of Khambhat, connecting Kalatalav in Bhavnagar District and Aladar in Bharuch District, reducing distance between Saurashtra & South Gujarat by approximately about 150 to 170 Km.

The development of Gulf of Khambhat Development Project will boost the development in Saurashtra significantly. The proposed road over a dam will change the existing traffic scenario drastically. There is going to be significant development activity in the study area in view of the development of DMIC corridor, Dholera SIR, PCPIR and Fedra International Airport. Hence, a new detailed traffic study is warranted to assess the future traffic flow and pattern when Gulf of Khambhat Development Project is developed. The outputs of the study will provide the basis in determining the width of the proposed dam, and the road network improvements required for the smooth and efficient movement of passengers and goods and the social economic benefits of the transport component of the project.

1.2 Learning tools And Its Importance

Fig. 1.3 Learning tools And Its Importance

Understand

“Gain basic knowledge so you know the right question to ask.” Web research (but go beyond Google), Brief interviews for background, Reach out to friends who may be connected/have information on domain. More questions than answers – know what’s come before in this space, and what the main open questions are.

Observe

“Gain empathy with your target users by talking and observing them.” You need to understand your audience even better than they understand themselves. When you interview a new participant and you can anticipate their answers, even when they’re taking about detailed parts of what they do.

Synthesize

“Come up with a point of view statement that will inform your prototyping.” You can’t design for everyone, and you can’t fix every need you identified – instead, tightly focus on one.

Ideate

“Based on your point of view, generate as any ideas as possible.” Set yourself a time limit, and try to generate a minimum number of ideas (100 ideas in 60 minutes) – come together as a team after activity, & brainstorm together.

Prototypes

“Make your ideas real & earn from people’s reactions to your prototype.”

Iterate

“Take insights gained from prototyping and revisit your assumptions; sometimes you might go all the way back to the understand phase.

1.3 Team building and log book exercises and importance:

??Team building exercises and importance

Team building is the collection term for various type of activities used to enhance social relations and define roles within teams. These often involve collaborative tasks. Many team building exercise are intended to find and address interpersonal to find and address interpersonal problems within the group.

The formal definition of team – building includes the following pillars:

Goal Setting: Aligning around goals
Interpersonal – relationship management: Building effective working relationships
Role clarification: Reducing team members role ambiguity
Problem solving: finding solutions to team problems

??Log book exercises and importance

It is useful to think of the log book as a design diary.
It is not necessary that it is neat but, it should contain a sketches, notes and decisions pertaining to the design.
The log book should accompany the engineer to all meetings and be available for every phone call so that a personal record can be made of these communications.
If this is not practical due to bulk or size, the log book should make note of the contents of this material and the location where it is located.

Different phase of
Design thinking

2.1 Observation through AEIOU and other method

ACTIVITY:

Collecting of Salt
Waking of Camel
Sitting of Worker
Boating
Transport of Salt
Fishing by Fisherman

Fig. 2.1A Activity

Environment:

Cloudy atmosphere
Cool breeze
Greenery
Mud Flat
Humidity
Fresh Air
Clean ; Neat Environment

Fig. 2.1B Environment

Interaction:

Labour ; Manager
Truck driver ; JCB driver
JCB driver ; Labour
Supervisor ; Contractor
Truck driver ; Labour
Managing officer ; Worker

Fig. 2.1C Interaction

Object:

Gulf of Khambhat
Truck
JCB
Salt
Rack
Boat
Tent
Man-made Lake
Drilling Tower
Electric Pole

Fig. 2.1D Object

User:

Fisherman
Labour
Sailor
Truck Driver
Industrial Worker
JCB driver
Industrial Manager
Tractor driver

Fig. 2.1E User

AEIOU summery framework

Fig. 2.2 AEIOU summery framework

Mind Mapping

A Mind Map is a Graphical Way to represent ideas and concepts. A mind map is a diagram used to visually organize information. A mind map is often created around a single concept, drawn as an image in the center of a blank landscape page, to which associated representations of ideas such as images, words and parts of words are added. Major ideas are connected directly to the central concept, and other ideas branch out from those. Mind maps can be drawn by hand, either as “rough notes” during a lecture, meeting or planning session.

The Eight main parts of our Topic “Kalpsar Project” in Aladar (Gulf of Khambhat)

Transportation Benefits
Land Reclamation Benefits
Port Development
Generation of Non-conventional Energy
Water supply
Reduction in salinity
Irrigation Benefits
Fisheries Development

Transportation Benefits:

Reduction in Distance by Central Gujarat ; Saurashtra
Saving Energy
Saving Fuel
Low cost
Saving Time

Land Reclamation Benefits:
1.5 to 2 Lakh hectors Land Periphery

Port Development:
Water Current Velocity
Increase Water level
Reduced Sedimentation

Generation of non-conventional Energy:
Solar Energy
Wind Energy

Water Supply:

Domestic use
Irrigation from Fresh Water Reservoir
Agricultural purpose
Drinking Purpose

Reduction in Salinity:
Saline Ground Water Will be Converted into Sweet Water

Irrigation Benefits:
Tidal Regulators
Check Dams
Spreading Channels

Fisheries Development:
3,00,000 tones Fish Production
1,00,000 Beneficiaries to Direct employment
3,00,000 Beneficiaries to Direct employment

Fig. 2.3 Mind mapping

Empathy mapping canvas

Our take on the empathy map came about as a way distil and organize qualitative data. We start every project by interviewing and observing current and potential person’s to better understand their pain points and aspirating. Then, as we sift through pages of raw notes, sketches, audio/video files and photos, we use the empathy map to glean the juicy parts and make it visual to help drive the user person and eventually the creative brief. Here we would like to explain the aspects of this canvas with the help of the example taken up by our team. As we need to focus on people’s emotions we wrote happy and sad story which helps us to get more attached with user.

Stakeholders:

The stakeholders in the empathy canvas are P.M. Narendra Modi, C.M.Vijay Rupani, Secretary Ms. Patel, Engineer, Government Authority, supervisor etc.

Activities of the users:

Labours are Collecting of Salt
Industrial Workers are drilling
Fishing the Fish By Fisherman
Sailor Sail the Boat
Truck driver is a drive a tuck
JCB driver is a Handling the JCB

Fig. 2.4 Empathy mapping canvas

Story Boarding:

Happy:

The story is about some workers where are had gone on a site visit. When we are were observing that there was an Accident where some workers was work, but there was major loss as they wear helmets.

Happy:

The story is about who are our group members. When we were observing the site. She was clicked the picture of whole but fall down because of slippery places. She tried to get some stand and there was minor less.

Sad:

The story is about Mr. Miteshbhai Patel who are supervisor of the site where we had gone on a site visit. When he was explain about the site due to the sleep place. The men fell down and got hurt.

Sad:

When we are returning from site visit on the way there was a bus-stop. Where a women was waiting for the bus. The bus stop was crowded with people waiting for the bus. Just as the bus arrived people started to board the bus. The women also tried to get into the bus fell down and got hurt.

Ideation canvas

Labours are collecting of salt near to the sea
Industrial workers are Drilling inside the sea
Sailor is a sail the boat in the sea
Fisherman is a Fishing the fish in the man-made lake
Truck driver drive the truck on the road
JCB driver handling the JCB near the salt
Tractor driver drive the tractor of the pavement surface

Fig. 2.5 Ideation canvas

Product development canvas

Key points:

Purpose
People
Product Experience
Product Feature
Components
Customer Revalidation
Reject, Redesign, Retain

Fig. 2.6 Product development canvas

Purpose:

Land Reclamation
Fisheries Development
Reduction in salinity
Port Development
Irrigation
Non-conventional Energy
Perceived Agricultural
People:

Labours
Industrial Worker
Sailor
Truck Driver
JCB Driver
Tractor Driver
Product Experience:

Easy Transportation
Port Development
Easy Available of Suitable Water
Fisheries Development

Product function:

Irrigation
Perceived Agricultural
Non-conventional Energy Generation

Product feature:

Irrigation From Freshwater Reservoir
Water supply in the Saurashtra region
Remove the Drinking Water Problems
Traffic Solution
Easy Transportation
Port Development
Non-conventional energy generation
Perceived agricultural
Components:

Rock
Salt
Drilling Tower
Man-made lake
Electric Pole
Water Tank
JCB
Truck
Customer Revalidation:
Port Development
Reduction in Salinity
Fresh Water Reservoir
Fisheries Development

Feedback analysis

Secondary research ; diachronic synchronic analysis

During our visit, we have seen that there are many problems such as Pavement surface, Long Distance by central Gujarat ; Saurashtra, Salinity, Mud Flat, Not port Development, Man Made Lake at Fisheries, Not Available of Drinking Water at Saurashtra, Not Available of Agricultural purpose Water etc.

We can reduce this, problems in the future

We will provide Transportation Benefits, there so, that people will be easy transportation by Central Gujarat to Saurashtra. We will also work on Reduction in Salinity, also we will try that people can get enough ; better quality of water. Also, we suggest Generation of Non-conventional Energy like Solar Energy and Wind Energy. We will design of Fresh Water Reservoir, also we will try that people get enough quantity of water in Any Purpose like Drinking, Agricultural, Domestic, Industrial etc. We will provide better distribution system and durability of water source. Also, we suggest Port Development like Bharuch, Dahej, Dholera, Khambhat, Bhavnagar etc.

DESIGN OF MODEL

2.7 Design of model

To create words largest fresh water reservoir in sea, by construction 30 km long dam in the gulf of khambhat, to store more than 10,000 MCM of surface water, i.e. 25% of volume of states average annual rain water inflow.

10 lane road is proposed on the top of the dam. 7,500 vehicles per day estimated for year 2020, ; 1,00,000 vehicles per day for year 2030.

Wind and solar power would be generated which will also be used for lifting of fresh water of reservoir.

DAM AIGNMENT:
The alignment of a dam closing the Gulf of Khambhat as well as the Narmada estuary has been selected on the basis of:

foundation conditions
hydraulic conditions during and after closure
construction costs
reservoir volume requirements

The selected dam alignment is located between Gogha on the Saurashtra bank and Luhara Point, south of Dahej on the eastern bank of the Gulf. From Luhara Point the dam is extended across the Bharuch Channel of the Narmada estuary towards the island of Alia Bet. The dam alignment continues along the southern outline of the island and crosses the secondary branch of the Narmada estuary near Hansot.

The length of the closure of the Gulf of Khambhat between Gogha and Luhara Point amounts to 28.9 km, the dam closing the Narmada estuary has a length of 34.0 km.

DAM HEIGHT:
The height of the closure works is not determined by reservoir water level, as is the case in river valley storage reservoirs, but by the water level conditions at the sea side of the KALPASAR reservoir. The crest level of the dam has been assessed at GTS + 13 m to prevent overtopping of the dam during extreem sea level and wave conditions. As a consequence, the maximum dam height corresponds to 53 m at the deepest part of the dam alignment, where the bottom level is at GTS – 40

Silent Futures:

Length of dam between two shores of gulf : Approx. 30 km
Top of Dam : 100 mm wide
10 lane road + Railway
Reservoir Features:
Full reservoir level (FRL) : (+) 3.0 m
Maximum water Level (MWL) : (+) 4.0 m
Minimum Draw Down Level (MDDL) : (-) 4.0 m
Live storage : 10500 Mm^3
Storage between MWL ; FRL : 1900 Mm^3
Reservoir Area : 2000 sq.km
Bhadbhut Barrage ; Narmda Diversion canal :
Barrage including earthen dykes : 10 to 12 km
Narmada diversion canal Discharge : 100000 cusecs
Narmada diversion canal length : 32 km
Irrigation command
Water envisaged for irrigation : 6558 Mm^3
Envisaged three garland canal Discharge : 40000 to 6000 cusecs
Envisaged three garland canal length : 600 to 700 cusecs
Envisaged three garland canal Elevation : EL50 m, EL80 m, EL100 m
Life of Reservoir : 400 to 500 years
Ground water quantity improvement in catchment area : 7,000,00 Ha

Land recover between EL + 5.0m to EL + 8.0m : 1,50,000 to 2,00,000 Ha
Reduction in distance:
Bhavnagar – Dahej 200 km reduce to 28 km
Bhavnagar – south Gujrat 225 km reduce to 32 km
Mumbai – Bhavnagar 720 km reduce to 460 km
Baroda – Bhavnagar 280 km reduce to 160 km
Mumbai – Jamnagar 830 km reduce to 720 km
Baroda – Porbandar 490 km reduce to 470 km
Mumbai – porbandar 930 km reduce to 770 km
10. Ports:
Bhavnagar port will be rejuvenate
Dahej port will be outside of reservoir
New ports are proposed at down stream of dam
11. Rivers debouching in the reservoir
Sabarmati, Mahi, Dhadhar, Narmada ( through diversion canal)
Limbadi, Bhogavo, Sukhbhadar, Utavali, Keri, vagad etc.
12. Construction of dam: 5 to 7 year