That said, substantial progress has been made in reaching peace for both sides. In the peace process, the USA has played a huge part as well. In 1991, a breakthrough occurred when US president George H.W. Bush called a conference in Madrid between Israel and the Arab nations which was “to serve only as a preamble to direct bilateral and multilateral talks between Israel and its neighbors”. Talks continued in Washington, DC, but with few results. The Oslo Accords, which is an ongoing American-mediated effort to broker a peace treaty between Israelis and Palestinians, was signed in order to establish a Palestinian state in Gaza and the West Bank in exchange for Palestinians agreeing to permanently end attacks on Israeli targets — a formula often called “land for peace.” Despite its failure, the general Oslo “land for peace” framework remains the dominant American and international approach to resolving the conflict. In 2000, US President Bill Clinton convened a peace summit between Palestinian President Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak. Later, the Bush administration pushed its own update on Oslo, called the “road map,” and the Obama administration made the peace process a significant foreign policy priority.