TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1 CONCEPTUAL ORIENTATION………………………..
POWER AS AN AGENDA SETTING…………………………….
POOWER AS THOUGHT CONTROL…………………………
POWER AS A DECISION MAKING…………………………..
The assignment focuses on how countries in the real world use and apply power and its faces in detail It assesses the the different faces of power and how they are applied by countries in the world to achieve their unique objectives. These faces of power are Power as a decision-making, Power as an agenda setting and lastly power as thought control. It also focuses on avenues and strategies employed by countries when excising these faces of power. Power as agenda setting is often used to set issues that of high priority in political programs, however power as a decision-making is used to influence the outcome of certain decisions in the political arena. Various methods have been used to conduct research with an aim of accomplishing the objectives of this assignment. Articles, journal sources and books by various notable scholars in the field of Politics were used obtain sufficient knowledge on these faces of power. The aim of the assignment is to highlight how these faces of power either used in the world by developing countries or developed
POWER AS AN AGENDA SETTING
Power is defined as the capability to avert decisions being made this entail the capability to dictate the political program, which leads to prevention of certain ills or suggestions from being raised in the first place CITATION hey13 l 1033 (heywood, 2013)The most visible instance of depicting the process of agenda setting is a situation in which an of B is intentionally avoided in the agenda by A CITATION MAR02 l 1033 (HAUGAARD, 2002) A complete example showing a country using its power in the process of agenda setting about its family planning policy with an aim of reducing the Chinese population in order to deliver service effectively and a proper distribution of resources.
THE FAMILY PLANNING POLICY IN CHINA
The household planning strategy in china is centrally directed, in the 1960s the Chinese government made efforts to introduce family planning and the state council in collaboration with several provinces and cities started the family planning office in1964. However due to Cultural Revolution it was only after 1970 that household planning started dominating the political agenda in china (Christiansen and Rai, 2014). By the period of 1969 and 1971, Zhou Enlai took part in household planning policy to encourage family planning policy and the state council wrote a family planning report work about household planning work (Christiansen and Rai, 2014). In 1971, the Chinese state established a family planning committee with an administrative in the department of health, simultaneously local offices in people communes were in charge of people commune, production units were put in charge of family planning (Christiansen and Rai, 2014). From 1973, a rough family planning policy was in place focusing on the most populated regions with a vast availability of information and contraception (Christiansen and Rai, 2014).
After 1978 household planning was transformed into a careful policy which is based on central planning (Christiansen and Rai, 2014) . The state encourages household planning so that the total population may be accommodated in the economic and social development plan (article 25 of the 1983 constitution). The authorities a policy document required that state personnel and people residing in suburbs to have only child per couple. the local authorities, this policy also stated that people residing in rural areas were only allowed to have two children provided that they had acquired permission to have a second child . The household planning policy in China is ran by the state council commission for family planning and commission at every level of government (Christiansen CITATION chl15 l 1033 (Ryan, 2015)and Rai, 2014)
POWER AS THOUGHT CONTROL
This phase of power refers to the ability to influence and control what other individuals thinks CITATION hey13 l 1033 (heywood, 2013) .It was more evident in the in the kingdom of during the reign of the of the leader of the Fascist party Benito Mussolini who ruled Italy from 1922 until 1943 after he stopped the democratic and established dictatorship CITATION Pie76 l 1033 (Melograni, 1976). Mussolini had several avenues of had several ways of maintaining his dictatorship and one of the avenues to acquire what it was possible to get in Italy on a regular basis was form of religious mobilization on the basis of faith CITATION Pie76 l 1033 (Melograni, 1976). While he was a leader of the socialist movement, he had obtained attention of multitudes due to his charismatic personality. He also got fame as a writer and editor of the socialist daily and he had wrote that he was a revolution leader Avanti CITATION Pie76 l 1033 (Melograni, 1976). Mussolini had plans to strengthen his reputation and to impress the imagination of the majority. From his earliest days, he had displayed the attributes of a stage manager and actor and he often gloated about his peasant background CITATION Pie76 l 1033 (Melograni, 1976). Mussolini was in charge of religion. Italy was in harsh conditions in, 1913 30% of the portion the population of Italians could not read and write as they were illiterate and 56% of the economically active population was working in agriculture CITATION Pie76 l 1033 (Melograni, 1976). Radios, televisions and talking movies did not exist in Italy propaganda was passed out with press he knew the effectiveness of this method in keeping his dictatorship due to his knowledge as journalist. One of his strategies was to give power to the press office of the prime minister with an aim of dominating and increasing influence on the news. The press had a vital role in spreading out his propaganda, after 1934, he began to use radios and cinemas as their new major interest CITATION Pie76 l 1033 (Melograni, 1976). Cinemas were forced to show propaganda documentary at every level of performance and radios broadcasted political events of the day as well as Mussolini speeches
Mussolini installed loud speakers in the piazzas of the towns and villages to the duce speeches. He made the smaller in accomplishment into something bigger and the media had no freedom. The press was not allowed to publish any violence on the news CITATION Pie76 l 1033 (Melograni, 1976).
POWER AS A DECISION MAKING
This face of power include the actions the influence the outcome of the decision CITATION hey13 l 1033 (heywood, 2013). This face of power was evident in the issue of chicken trade between America and South Africa under the AGOA agreement, which enables trade partnership between African countries and America.
World chicken sales are controlled by the US and Brazil, contributing to 63, 7% of exports between 2011 and 2015, according to the USA Poultry and Egg Export Council CITATION chl15 l 1033 (Ryan, 2015) . The two countries had been fighting for the best spot until last year, when avian influenza started in some regions of the US, many importers, particularly china sanctioned us chicken. The United States was out of the market from 2000 when the SA poultry industry convinced government to impose prohibitive anti-dumping duties on frozen, bone-in leg portions, the main seller. The US said that it will end the tax-free, quota-free access to the US market under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), which the south African SA wine and other agricultural exporters benefited from , unless South Africa removes its import constraints on US poultry, beef and pork CITATION chl15 l 1033 (Ryan, 2015) .
In June of 2015 the AGOA Trade partnership was changed, an agreement that enables nations to export to the United States tax free zone. As part of the new agreement the United States negotiated to stop an anti-dumping tax imposed on them 15 years ago that prohibited it from marketing or trading bone chicken at a lower cost CITATION chl15 l 1033 (Ryan, 2015). The then president of the United States Mr honourable Barack Obama dismissed agricultural benefits obtained by South Africa under African growth opportunity act and it had declined to remove imports of United States chicken CITATION chl15 l 1033 (Ryan, 2015).
CITATION Pie76 l 1033 (Melograni, 1976)BLIBIOGRAPHY
BIBLIOGRAPHY HAUGAARD, M., 2002. POWER A READER. FIRST ed. MANCHESTER: MANCHESTER CITY PRESS.
heywood, a., 2013. politics. basingstoke: MACMILLAN.
james w dearing, e. r., 1996. agenda setting ,COMMUNICATION 6. CARLIFONIA: SAGE PUBLICATIONS.
Melograni, P., 1976. The Cult of the Duce in Mussolini’s Italy. Volume 11 , pp. 221-237.
Ryan, c., 2015. OBAMA PUNISHES SOUTH AFRICA OVER A CHICKEN ROW. 09 NOVEMBER, p. 1.