In specific local government
In specific local government, like in Pattaya, the Pattaya Mayor and Councillors of Pattaya led the executive and legislature. Those position are elected based on direct election. The councillors of Pattaya would select 1 assembly chairman, and 2 deputy assembly chairman. Meanwhile, in Bangkok, the executive branch is led by Governor or Chief of Bangkok and the legislative branch is led by Assembly of Bangkok. Mayor and council are elected based on direct election. The council has the responsibility to select 1 chairman of assembly and more than 2 deputy assembly chairman with 2-year term (M.Bernan, 2011). In addition, the Bangkok territory is separated into districts. The government of each district is led by a director of district and the committee of district. Each district is separated into sub districts, and sub district head led each of the sub district (Fumio Nagai, 2009). The Bangkok Chief from amongst the Bangkok metropolitan officers is responsible to appoints the district directors and the sub district heads in Bangkok, meanwhile the citizen are responsible to directly select the district councillors in Bangkok (Fumio Nagai, 2009).
In short, the local administrators are elected by local residents. The electoral term is four years in Thailand’s local governments (Thomas, 2011). A by-election will be occur if a councillor seat is vacant. If a mayor position becomes vacant, a new election for 4 year term will be made. The elections for council and mayors are not necessary must be held on the same date.
For example, decentralization was a main issue in the general election in September 1992. Pro-democracy parties seeks to introduce the direct election of provincial governors, who had been originallly appointed by the central government. They also voicing out to grant the status of a local autonomous entity to the Tambon council. The election of the provincial governors using popular vote idea is opposed by the Ministry of Interior (Thomas, 2011). It is because before this, the seat is granted to the ministry officials as the highest post that they could hold. For this reason, the alliance government that has power in that time ignored the issue. The idea of granting autonomous status to the Tambon council was realized when the ruling coalition parties made a compromise that led to the establishment of the Tambon Council and Tambon Administrative Act 1994. Most Tambon Council in Thailand gained autonomous status under the act. The direct election has started to be realized under the power of Prime Minister Thaksin. He recognized the rural electors as capable and viable voters and opened for political participation of rural electorate on national level (M.Bernan, 2011).