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Chapter 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTINGS Background of the Study The study belowshowed the background on the level of domestic violence among children in selected barangays in Marilog District

April 20, 2019 0 Comment

Chapter 1

THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTINGS

Background of the Study
The study belowshowed the background on the level of domestic violence among children in selected barangays in Marilog District, Davao City. It shows the definitions and manner on how domestic violence among among is being inflicted.
Domestic Violence that is being inflicted by adults purposely to gain superiority and power over their children that is cosists of different style and mode of actions. These may be a form of physical,economical, psychological or emotional abuse. Violence may be in a manner of isolating physically or socially their child or within the family like preventing them from communicating with their peer groups and loved ones and depriving them or avoiding by way of not helping especially when they are ill or in need of physcal medication. The level of the present issue can be understand more by observing the different burden that is being place on police organization (Burnett, 2017).
Domestic violence against children is a broad and wide type of abuse.Since the relationship between the victim and the abuser is private which is beyond the scope of the laws. Sometimes the victims is depending financially to the abuser, economically and other family causes which affects the victim’s insights to violence. Furthermore, victims especially women are afraid to report any violence inflicted on them because of feeling of retaliations and intimidation from their abuser (Lopez et al., 2011).
None of the above studies dealt with the Domestic Violence Among Children in Selected Barangays of MarilogDistrict,Davao City. The stated scenario persuaded the researchers to look on how rampant domestic violence among children in Marilog District, Davao City which can be beneficial to the intended benefeciaries of this study and possibly develop action plan to improve the enforcement of the law againts domestic violence. Thus, the need to conduct this study.

Statement of the Problem
This will determine the level of domestic violence among children in selected barangays of Marilog District, Davao City. Specifically, it will attempt to answer the problems:
1.What is the level of domestic violence among children in terms of the following?
1.1 Physical
1.2 Psychological
1.3 Emotional
1.4 Economical
2. Is there a difference on level of domestic violence among children when respondents are grouped according to age, sex and educational attainment

Hypothesis
There is no significant difference on the level of domestic violence among children when the respondents are grouped according to their profile.
Review of Related Literature
In this chapter presents the related literatures which shows and adds paradigm in the development of the research taken from books, magazines, journal, newspapers, and different websites.
Domestic violence or domestic abuseagainst children is a broad term which covers a wide list of attitudes-inflicting physically, verbally, and psychologically which opposes the freedom of and individual and the will to live freely. It was mostly inflicted physical in historical setting, however nowadays it includes sexual abuse, psychological abuse and abuse in terms financial or social. It is a form of coercion or an violent acts to have a controlling powerover a person. Many types of violence were inflicted nowadays in which one of the main causes of disorganized society(Holcomb,2014).
Violence against children and adolescents is a major public health issue worldwide that threatens physical and mental wellbeing and causes irreparable harm. This is a complex phenomenon that is triggered by multiple factors, including social, political, economic and cultural issues. In Brazil, 107,572 cases of child abuse were recorded in 2011.According to the Brazilian Ministry of Health (3), child abuse is any action or omission that prejudices the physical and psychological wellbeing, freedom, and right to full development of children. Abuse can be classified as physical, sexual or psychological abuse or neglect (Valente et.Al, 2015).
As the fundamental effects of domestic violence is in all societal ,economical, ethnical and on the aspect of religion, it also happens in males and females. It can be found in all aspects in our community regardless of the gender, male of female may be abuse by anyone else through those different forms of abuses. Those children that are prone to domestic abuse shows a different forms of problems especially on their attitudes and emotions regardless of their years of existence or their sex. They can’t really interpret the violence that will lead them to self-blaming (Kavinoky,2012).
Through different observations, human rights is always been conceived morally as one of the basis of living. Thus domestic violence merely violates this concept especially on family matters like deprivation of someone’s freedom and rights, their needs and wants and the justice of every men and women. Under international law,it is very difficult to perceive violence on family as issue on human rights. Thus theories and methods will be used in combatting this so called domestic violence under international law are very rampant nowadays(Thomas and Beasley,2011).
There is an alarming number of violence against children in the Philippines, based on a study by the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF).UNICEF Philippines representative LottaSylwander said that in three categories of violence against children–psychological, physical, and sexual–more Filipino children are becoming victims, and most cases are happening at home.They found that three out of five children have experienced severe physical abuse; meaning, with implements or that they’ve been left with bruises (Sylwander,2016).
Over the last 7 years from 2004 to 2010, all these WCPUs handled an average of 6,224 new cases with a mean increase of 156 percent. The 2010 statistics presented a record high of 12,787 new cases and an average of 79.86 percent increase from 2009. More than 59 percent were cases of sexual abuse; more than 37 percent were physical abuse and the rest on neglect, combined sexual and physical abuse and minor perpetrators. More than 50 percent of these new cases were obtained from WCPUs based in highly urbanized areas across the country. Figures show there is a need to continue to raise awareness on domestic violence to have more accurate recording and reporting.The National Demographic and Health Survey of 2008 reveals that one in five women aged 15-49 are physically abused and one out of 10 of the same age group are sexually abused. This figure runs into millions of abused women nationwide who do not seek any help or assistance.A consistent and adequate budget is necessary to sustain a women and children protection unit once it is established(Escobido,2010).
In the Philippines,Filipino children and youth have experienced violence at least once in their lifetime. Eighty percent of about 4,000 respondents age 13 to 24 surveyed in the national baseline study on violence say they have been subjected to physical (66.3%), psychological (62.8%), sexual (21.5%), and online violence (43.8%).Of this figure, only about 10% reported experiencing violence, mostly to their mother or friend.More than half (54%) of those who experienced physical abuse received corporal punishment at home, which includes spanking with bare hands, rolled paper, or small stick, pulling the hair, pinching, or twisting of ears.About a third suffered from more severe forms of abuse such as slapping, kicking, tying, drowning, and burning.Meanwhile, three out of five children were verbally abused, threatened or abandoned by their parents.Sexual abuse of children 13-18 years old range from unwanted touching, having sex videos or photos taken without their consent, attempted and consummated sex. The commonly cited perpetrators of overall sexual violence at home are brothers and cousins (Gulla,2016).
The Council for the Welfare of Children (CWC), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and its partners on Wednesday launched a multi-sectoral strategy action plan to end violence against children (VAC) in the Philippines.The Philippine Plan of Action to End Violence Against Children (PPAEVAC) is a set of strategies and recommendations resulting from the National Baseline Study on Violence against Children in 2016. It is a product of consultations between the government, UNICEF and its partners, and details the roles and responsibilities for implementation of key government agencies.The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) will lead programs for all evidence-based parenting and positive discipline program, while the Department of Education (DepEd) will integrate personal safety lessons and life-skills in curriculum in schools.Together with the Department of Justice (DOJ), DSWD will work on improving children’s access to protective and helpline services.The Department of Interior and Local Government, together with CWC, will work on mobilizing child protection systems at all levels effectively, with the CWC monitoring the implementation of all laws related to violence against children (Lacuata,2018).
A range of government agencies and mechanisms provide national policy and program responses to child maltreatment in the Philippines. These include; the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), the Council for the Welfare of Children (CWC) and the Committee for the Special Protection of Children (CSPC) based at the Department of Justice, and Barangay Community Councils. The DSWD is the primary welfare agency of the government. Its role is to set standards, accredit and provide consultative services to public and private institutions, organisations and persons engaged in social welfare activities, as well as monitor the performance of these bodies and enforce compliance to standards(Wiley,2017).
Violence especially on family merely do not descriminate. It usually happens on relationship with family members especially father, mother and child and it also includes those who are in relationship with. Abusive behavior may be also inflicted to men through emotional violent acts and verbally. The main problem is that domestic violence is not acceptable whether they weere inflicted to a man or woman or how and what is manner of infliction. . Abusive behavior often destroys self-worth, lead to anxiety and depression, and make you feel helpless and alone. By knowing the different acts of the different behaviors will lead us to be alert and free from any violence(Smith and Segal, 2017).
Child abuse, therefore, is when harm or threat of harm is made to a child by someone acting in the role of caretaker. It is a worldwide problem with no social, ethnic, and racial bounds. Child abuse can be in the form of physical abuse, when the child suffers bodily harm as a result of a deliberate attempt to hurt the child, or severe discipline or physical punishment inappropriate to the child’s age. It can be sexual abuse arising from subjecting the child to inappropriate exposure to sexual acts or materials or passive use of the child as sexual stimuli and/or actual sexual contacts. Child abuse can also be in the form of emotional abuse involving coercive, constant belittling, shaming, humiliating a child, making negative comparisons to others, frequent yelling, threatening, or bullying of the child, rejecting and ignoring the child as punishment, having limited physical contact with the child (e.g., no hugs, kisses, or other signs of affection), exposing the child to violence or abuse of others or any other demeaning acts. All these factors can lead to interference with the child’s normal social or psychological development leaving the child with lifelong psychological scars. Lastly, child abuse can be in the form of child neglect, when an able caregiver fails to provide basic needs, adequate food, clothing, hygiene, supervision shelter, supervision, medical care, or support to the child (Dent,2014).
This literature and studies presented alone provided present overviews on the global,rational and local domestic violence. Lastly, the ralated literature also provide basis for the interpretation of the results.

Theoretical and Conceptual Framework
This study is connected on the Social Isolation Theory.This theory explains that violence against children are connected with isolation of the parent-child relationship from social support systems..
Social isolation has been identified as an intervening variable between stressors/life events and FV. Social isolation theory posits that child abuse and neglect are associated with isolation of the parent-child relationship from social support systems. Based on this perspective, understanding child maltreatment requires looking beyond high-risk families to neighborhoods and larger systems that have higher rates of child maltreatment. Garbarino and Sherman studied communities that were matched on socioeconomic status (SES) and race, but had differing rates of reported child maltreatment. They found that in high-risk neighborhoods, family problems were considerably worse when families were isolated rather than part of a community (Papalia et.al,2010).
This is further supported by the Parent-child interaction theories suggest that difficult child behaviors interact with specific parental behaviors to result in child maltreatment. That is, it is the behavior of both parent and child, rather than the behavior of either alone, that promotes violence. Some parents may lack the skills to manage children who are annoying, argumentative, defiant, or vindictive, for example, and this may lead to abusive interactions (Perrin,2014).
Figure 1 shows the conceptual framework of the study. The moderator variable is the profile of the respondents consisting of age, sex and educational attainment. On the other hand, the main variable is the Domestic Violence Among the Selected Residents of MarilogDistrict,Davao City with the following indicators: Physical, Psychological, Emotional and Social or Financial.

Main Variable

Moderator Variable

Figure 1 Shows the Conceptual Paradigm of the Study

Significance of the study
The findings of the study wiillbe beneficial to the following:
Commission on Human Rights. The result of this study will help the CHR in implementing new laws and policies against domestic violence among children and this will also help them in preventing members of a family in committing violent acts against their child.
Department of Social Welfare and Development. This study will show the actual level of domestic violence among children particularly in Marilog District, Davao City. By this, it can help them to find and develop new programs for a family to strongly bond to each other in avoidance of violence.
Department of Health.Through this study, implementation of new programs that will lead to a lesser victims of domestic violence thus lessening the DOH’s works and services.
University of Mindanao. The results of this research could be used by the institution in promoting awareness on the avoidance of domestic violence to every students. Thus, the university must set as an example in leading the students to lead their family to avoid any violence and abuse.
Marilog Residents.The findings of this study is critical for all Marilog residents considering that they have also family obligations in complying with the provisions of the law. Otherwise, this research will lead what are the acts done by the residents that is not in accordance with provisions against domestic violence that will serve as the basis in conduction intervention actions.

Definition of Term

The term used in the study are operationally defined.
Domestic ViolenceAmong Children. Is a pattern of behavior which involves violence or other abuse by one person against his or her child in a domestic setting.It may be in form of physical,psychological,emotional and economical abuse.

Chapter 2

METHOD

In this chapter the researchers present the research design, research subjects, research instruments, and data gathering procedure and statistical treatment of data.

Research Design
This research used the descriptive survey method which determined the prevailing condition and relationships required to better assess the status. Furthermore, it gives adequate and more accurate understanding of findings from which the research based their analysis and interpretation.
Whenever the object of a class varies and one thing is interested in understanding the types of conditions obtain among these subjects, the Descriptive survey is appropriate(Good and Scates, 2010). The word survey shows the data gathering about recent conditions. In this study, descriptive survey was used in order to determine the domestic violence among residents of Marilog District, Davao City.

Research Subject
This study was conducted in the selected barangays in Marilog District, Davao City. The selection of the respondents was based on the consideration that these people are a citizen of Marilog District, Davao City. 300 persons were selected as a quota in gathering data.
The respondents of different barangays of Marilog District specifically Barangay Suawan, Barangay Tamugan, Barangay Salaysay, Barangay Marilog Proper and Barangay Baganihanwere chosen using the random sampling method.

Table 1
Profile of the Respondents
Frequency Percent
Age
18 below
18-21
22 and above 163
67
80 51.0
22.3
26.7
Gender
male
female 120
180 40.0
60.0
Educational Attainment
Elementary undergraduate
Elementary graduate
Highschool undergraduate
Highschool graduate
College undergraduate
College graduate 6
26
170
75
13
10 2.0
8.7
56.7
25.0
4.3
3.3

Research Instrument
The researcher adapted a questionnaire from Psych Central Staff to determine the domestic violence among children in selected barangays of Marilog District, Davao City. It was constructed based on the law against domestic violence. The questionnaire was composed of two parts. Part I determined the profile of the respondents while Part II established the observation of respondents on the domestic violence among children in selected barangays of Marilog District, Davao City.
The preliminary draft was submitted to the adviser for corrections and then a panel of experts were consulted to ensure its reliability and validity. The questionnaire was validated by Professor Ivy Malibiran, Professor Roberto Magbojos and Professor Eduardo Berco.
Scaling of the variable for the domestic violence among residents of Marilog District, Davao City is as follows:
Range of Verbal Meaning Descriptive Interpretation
Means
4.20-5.00 Always If domestic violence among children in selected barangays ofMarilogDistrict, Davao City always happens
3.40-4.19 Often If domestic violence among children in selected barangays of Marilog District, Davao City oftenhappens
2.60-3.39 Sometimes If domestic violence among children in selected barangays of MarilogDistrict,Davao City sometimes happens
1.80-2.59 Seldom If domestic violence among children in selected barangays of MarilogDistrict,Davao City seldomhappens
1.00-1.79 Never If domestic violence among children inselected residents of MarilogDistrict, Davao City never happens
Data Gathering Procedures
The following steps were observed in the conduct of this research study:
1. Seeking permission to conduct study.The researchers forwarded letters to the Barangay Chairman of Marilog District, Davao City for his approval to conduct the study within his area of responsibility.
2. Validation of survey questionnaires.In the validation of the items in the survey questionnaire. The researchers asked assistance from the experts.
3. Administration and Retrieval of the research instrument. Upon the approval, the researchers distributed the questionnaires and started to conduct the survey to the respondents in random manner, explaining the purpose in conducting the research study.
4. Collation and Analysis of data. The answered questionnaires were retrieved and tallied and tabulated.
5. Analysis of Data. Theresult of the data was then subjected to statistical analysis with the assistance of the statistician.

Statistical Treatment of Data
The following statistical tools will be used in the treatment of the data.
Mean. This was used to determine the level of domestic violence among Children in selected barangays ofMarilog District in Davao City.
Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). This was used to determine the significant difference on thelevel of domestic violence among children in selected barangays of MarilogDistrict,Davao City when analyzed by age,sex and educational attainment.

Chapter 3

PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF FINDINGS

This chapter shows the data, analysis and interpretation of the findings.The discussions of topics are arranged in the following subheadings: Profile of the Respondents; Level of Domestic Violence Among Children in Selected Barangays ofMarilog District, Davao City; Significant Difference on the Level of Domestic Violence Among Children in Selected Barangays ofMarilog District, Davao City when analyzed by Age; Significant Difference on the Level of Domestic Violence Among Children in Selected Barangays ofMarilog District, Davao City when analyzed by Gender; and Significant Difference on the Level of Domestic Violence Among Children in Selected Barangays ofMarilog District, Davao City when analyzed by Educational Attainment.

Level of Domestic Violence Among Children in Selected Barangays in MarilogDistrict, Davao City
The types of domestic violence among children in selected barangays ofMarilog District, Davao City under study are as follows: physical abuse, psychological abuse, emotional abuse and social or financial abuse.
Table 2 shows the level of domestic violence among children in selected barangays ofMarilog District, Davao City with an overall mean rating of 1.28 described as very low. The range of means from 1.22 to 1.33. Out of the four indicators oflevel of domestic violence among children in selected barangays of Marilog District, Davao City, physical abuse obtains the highest mean rating 1.33 with the descriptive equivalent of very low; social or financial abuse with a mean of 1.30 as very low; emotional abuse with a mean of 1.25 described as very low; and psychological obtain a lowest mean of 1.22 which is described as very low.
The table indicate that among the types of domestic violence among children in selected barangays ofMarilog District, Davao City,physical abuse comes first on the list which the respondents experienced, followed by social or financial abuse. This means that the main casue of being abused physically is that they were forced to work hard that made them so much fatigue and they were being hit by their parents using any object.
As stated, the most familiar form of abuse man inflict of on their female partners is physical violence. We are not talking here about odd slap, through, in the view of the author , there is any ever excuse for men hitting women. furthermore, this is the point at witch women should start to get worried (rethinking domestic violence)psychologically the combination of ongoing assault and coercive control may evoke symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, characterized by flashbacks,nightmares, hypervigilance,loss of boundaries,numbing and chronic fear and anxiety(Herman et. Al,2011).

Table 2
Level of Domestic Violence Among Children in Selected Barangays of Marilog District, Davao City
INDICATORS Mean ScoreDescription
Physical 1.33 Very Low
Psychological 1.23 Very Low
Emotional 1.25 Very Low
Social/Financial 1.30 Very Low
Overall 1.28 Very Low

Significant Differences on the level of domestic violence among children when grouped by gender
As can be seen in table 3, it shows the Significant Difference on the Level of Domestic Violence Among Children in Selected Barangays of Marilog District, Davao City when grouped by gender.
Physical abuse as an indicator got a computed mean of 1.42 or very low among male respondents and 1.27 among female respondents described as very low. The t-value of 2.434 and the p-value of 0.016 which is lower than 0.05 level of significance which means that we reject the null hypothesis, indicating that there is a significant difference in level of domestic violence among children in selected barangays of Marilog District, Davao City when analyzed according to gender.
Psychological abuse as an indicator got a computed mean of 1.24 or very low among male respondents and 1.21 among female respondents described as very low. The t-value of 0.454 and the p-value of 0.650 which is higher than 0.05 level of significance which means that we accept the null hypothesis, indicating that there is no significant difference in the level of domestic violence among children in selected barangays of Marilog District, Davao City when analyzed according to gender.
Emotional abuse as an indicator got a computed mean of 1.24 or very low among male respondents and 1.26 among female respondents described as very low. The t-value of 0.443 and the p-value of 0.658 which is higher than 0.05 level of significance which means that we accept the null hypothesis, indicating that there is no significant difference in the level of domestic violence among children in selected barangays of Marilog District, Davao City when analyzed according to gender.
Social or financial abuse as an indicator got a computed mean of 1.26 or very low among male respondents and 1.32 among female respondents described as very low. The t-value of 1.011 and the p-value of 0.313 which is higher than 0.05 level of significance which means that we accept the null hypothesis, indicating that there is no significant difference in the level of domestic violence among children in selected barangays of Marilog District, Davao City when analyzed according to gender.
As the fundamental effects of domestic violence is in all societal ,economical, ethnical and on the aspect of religion, it also happens in males and females. It can be found in all aspects in our community regardless of the gender, male of female may be abuse by anyone else through those different forms of abuses (Kavinoky,2012).

Table 3.Significant differences on the level of domestic violence among children when grouped by gender
Variable Group N Mean SD T p
Physical Male 120 1.4283 .66119 2.434* 0.016
Female 180 1.2767 .41818
Psychological Male 120 1.2417 .43994 0.454 0.650
Female 180 1.2178 .45059
Emotional Male 120 1.2417 .44525 0.443 0.658
Female 180 1.2644 .42945
Social/Financial Male 120 1.2617 .54437 1.011 0.313
Female 180 1.3289 .57688
Overall Male 120 1.2933 .45738 0.438 0.662
Female 180 1.2719 .38386

Significant Differences on the level of domestic violence among children when grouped by age

As shown in table 4, disclosed is the Significant Difference on the Level of Domestic Violence Among Children in Selected Barangays of Marilog District, Davao City when grouped by age.
The overall f-value is 0.872 and the p-value of 0.419 which is greater than the level of significance which means that there is no significant difference on the level of domestic violence among children in selected barangays of Marilog District, Davao City when grouped by age.
Those young people are much prone to violence and they are more subjects to these acts. Those victims that are of higher risks are on their 20’s or 30’s. Inter-personal violences are more prone to those who are below the age of twenty-five years old (Yale,2016).

Table 4. Summary of ANOVA on domestic violence among children when grouped by age
Sum of Squares df Mean Square F p
Physcial Between Groups .457 2 .228 0.802 .449
Within Groups 84.525 297 .285
Total 84.982 299
Psychological Between Groups 0.153 2 .077 0.384 .681
Within Groups 59.263 297 .200
Total 59.416 299
Emotional Between Groups .326 2 .163 0.859 .424
Within Groups 56.316 297 .190
Total 56.641 299
Social/Financial Between Groups 1.577 2 .788 2.502 .084
Within Groups 93.582 297 .315
Total 95.159 299
Overall Between Groups .299 2 .150 .872 .419
Within Groups 51.004 297 .172
Total 51.303 299

Significant Differences on the level of domestic violence among children when grouped by educational attainment

As stated in table 5, shows the significant difference on the level of domestic violence among children in selected barangays of Marilog District, Davao City when analyzed by educational attainment.As revealed the overall f-value is 0.951 and the p-value of 0.448 which is greater than the level of significance which means that we accept the null hypothesis and that there is no significant difference on the level of domestic violence among children in selected barangays of Marilog District, Davao City when grouped by educational attainment.
Education is the best antidote to domestic violence, specifically violence against women, in these rural Central Asian villages. However, it will take much more work to ensure the communities have access to educational resources and time to convince families that educating women will help them prosper. Until that time, CAI and the in-country managers will do everything they can to help women who face domestic violence for attending school (Thompson,2018).

Table 5. Summary of ANOVA on domestic violence among children when grouped by educational attainment
Sum of Squares df Mean Square F p
Physcial Between Groups .277 5 .055 0.192 .965
Within Groups 84.705 294 .288
Total 84.982 299
Psychological Between Groups 1.451 5 .290 1.472 .199
Within Groups 57.965 294 .197
Total 59.416 299
Emotional Between Groups 1.002 5 .200 1.059 .383
Within Groups 55.640 294 .189
Total 56.641 299
Social/Financial Between Groups 2.035 5 .407 1.285 .270
Within Groups 93.124 294 .317
Total 95.159 299
Overall Between Groups .817 5 .163 .951 .448
Within Groups 50.487 294 .172
Total 51.303 299

Chapter 4

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

In this chapter, shows the summary, conclusion and recommendation.
Summary
The findings of the study are summarize as follows:
1. The findings shows the overall level of domestic violence among children in selected barangays of Marilog District, Davao City is very low with a mean of 1.28 particularly physical which is labelled as very low with a mean score of 1.33, social or financial which is still very low with a mean of 1.30, psychological still very low with a mean score of 1.25 and lastly emotional which is still very low and a mean score of 1.23.
2. The results showed that there is no significant difference on the level of domestic violence among children in selected barangays of Marilog District, Davao City which resulted to the acceptance of the null hypothesis with an overall p-value of 0.662 and a t-value of 0.438 in terms of gender. An overall f-value of 0.872 and a p-value of 0.419 which shows that there is no significant difference which results to the rejection of the null hypothesis when grouped by age. An overall f-value of 0.951 and a p-value of 0.448 which results to the acceptance of the null hypothesis which means that there is no significant difference on the level of domestic violence among children in selected barangays of Marilog District, Davao City when grouped by their educational attainment.

Conclusion
The conclusions were formulated based on the foregoing findings:
1. The researchers concluded that the level of domestic violence among children in selected barangays of Marilog District, Davao City never happens.
2.The researchers concluded that there is no significant difference on the level of domestic violence among children in selected barangays of Marilog District, Davao City when grouped by gender, age and educational attainment.

Recommendation
Based on the different finding and conclusion, recommendations are being formulated:
1.TheCommission on Human Rights should strictly enforce the different laws on domestic violence among children to minimize the occurrence of different abuse.
2.The Department of Social Welfare and Development should give assistance, conduct and organize different seminars to youth and parents regarding on the prevention of domestic violence especially among children.
4.The Department of Health should implement new programs that will lead to a lesser victims of domestic violence thus lessening the DOH’s works and services.
5.The University of Mindanao should promote awareness on the avoidance of domestic violence to every students and should as an example in leading the students to lead their family to avoid any violence and abuse.
6.To future researchers, they may use and gather data from this study regarding Domestic Violence Among Children especially on the variables not mentioned on this research.

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