All education including special needs were carried out by religious orders in Ireland from 1919 to the early 1990s
All education including special needs were carried out by religious orders in Ireland from 1919 to the early 1990s (Flood,2013).
The Era of Neglect and denial:
The Era of Neglect and denial was when the government thought children with special needs did not need to go to school and get an education. They believed that they had medical conditions and not learning difficulties. Chevron Notes (2017)
The Era of Special school:
Over the last number of years the religious orders have reduced significantly in Ireland. This has lead to schools been taken over by the state and children with special needs been placed in them. They believed these children should be educated like every other child but not in the same schools. Chevron Notes (2017)
The Era of Integration or Inclusive:
This began when the government introduced policies on education for children with special needs. Chevron Notes (2017)
2. Identify three reasons for policy and legislation changes
1. There was a huge public concern for the education and well being of children with special needs when the number of religious orders started reducing Chevron Notes (2017)
2. Parents fought for the rights to have their children educated like other children Chevron Notes (2017)
3. Various different reports were completed which involved lots of research and listed recommendations which started these changes. Chevron Notes (2017).
3. Discuss the development of special needs educational provision to include areas where children are accommodated in primary education and preschool.
There have been some welcome changes in the last number of years for children with special education needs.
The White Paper that was issued in 1999 clearly states ” All students, regardless of their personal circumstances, have the right of access and to participate in the education system, according to their potential and ability”. Chevron Notes (2017). They also published a White Paper on early childhood education. This gave parents with special needs children to a wide range of services. Examples of these: more support to preschools who enroll children with special needs, offering visiting teacher supports, early intervention classes and childhood experts.
The department of education provides all education through a range of different supports. Examples: Special schools, special classes in main schools or they can be involved in mainstream classes. For this to happen each child is assessed individually and a plan is put in place for them. These changes have all resulted from the “Education for persons with special educational needs” (EPSEN Act 2004). When a child is placed in a mainstream school they now have access to resources such as teachers, special needs assistant and specialist equipment. Pupils who attend these schools now have access to special school transport (Flood, 2013)
Section 1 – Part 4
Identify other types of educational supports available to children with additional needs in primary education and preschool to include:
Students with special needs have access to learning supports/ resources in all schools .Chevron Notes (2017).
Individual Educational Plans:
This is a plan with a list of goals set out for a student to be completed over a period of time (Flood,2013).
Bus Eireann have a transport system for children with special needs to go to school (Flood,2013).
Schools can apply for grants to buy specialist equipment e.g screen reader & touch screen(Flood,2013).
This is provided where a child cannot attend school. Children with autism and are of preschool age can use this scheme .Chevron Notes (2017)
Resource teachers work with children with special needs for a few hours per week (Flood,2013)
Children with special needs are entitled to two free years of early education. Funding is provided to creches and playschools .Chevron Notes (2017)